Waste is defined in Section 192A of the Public Health Act and Article 3 (1) of the Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC) as:

“Any substance or object which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard.”

[headline]European Waste Catalogue[/headline]

The European Waste Catalogue (EWC) classifies waste materials and categorises them according to what they are and how they were produced. It is referred to in a number of European Union directives and Commission decisions regarding waste management. This catalogue is integrated into Schedule IIA of the Public Health Act and can also be seen at the European Topic Centre on Sustainable Consumption and Production.